The Musical Instrument Taxonomy A

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http://purl.org/ontology/instrumenttaxonomy/ (RDF/XML, Turtle)
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Date: 23:06:39 19/05/11 BST
Editors:
Sefki Kolozali, Centre for Digital Music, Queen Mary, University of London
Authors:
Sefki Kolozali, Centre for Digital Music, Queen Mary, University of London
George Fazekas, Centre for Digital Music, Queen Mary, University of London
Mathieu Barthet, Centre for Digital Music, Queen Mary, University of London
Contributors:
See Acknowledgements


Abstract

This study aims to investigate the knowledge representation issues of musical instruments on the Semantic Web, by taking various musical instrument classification schemes into account. This specification defines a taxonomy for musical instruments based on Henry Doktorski's classfication system.

Status of this Document

This is a work in progress and as such is subject to change. Comments are very welcome, please send them to First Author.

  1. Introduction
  2. Musical Instrument Taxonomy at Glance
  3. Cross-reference for NAME classes

Appendices

  1. References

1 Introduction

This study presents preliminary work on musical instruments ontology design, and investigates heterogeneity and limitations in existing instrument classification schemes. Numerous research to date aims at representing information about musical instruments. The works we examined are based on the well known Hornbostel and Sach's classification scheme. We developed representations using the Ontology Web Language (OWL), and compared terminological and conceptual heterogeneity using SPARQL queries. We found evidence to support that traditional designs based on taxonomy trees lead to ill-defined knowledge representation, especially in the context of an ontology for the Semantic Web. In order to overcome this issue, it is desirable to have an instrument ontology that exhibits a semantically rich structure. The following specification defines a taxonomy for musical instruments based on Henry Doktorski's classification system.

Musical Instrument Taxonomy at Glance

An alphabetical index of NAME terms, by class (concepts) are given below. All the terms are hyperlinked to their detailed description for quick reference.

Classes: Accordion, Acoustic_Instruments, Aeolian_Harp, Aerophones, Animal_Horn_Shofar, Bandoneon, Banjo, Barrel_Organ, Bass_Drum, Bassoon, Bayan, Beating_Reed_Instruments, Bell, Blown, Bongos, Bowed, Brass_Instruments, Bugle, Bull-Roarer, Castanets, Celesta, Cello, Chalumeau, Chordophones, Clairon, Clarinet, Concertina, Conch_shell, Congas, ContraBass, Cornet, Cymbal, Determinate_Pitch, Didjeridu, Digital_Instruments, Double_Reed_Bagpipe, Double_Reeds, Edge_Instruments, Electric_Bass, Electric_Chord_Organ, Electric_Guitar, Electric_Organ, Electric_Violin, Electromagnetic_Instruments, Electronic, Electrophones, Euphonium, Fagotto, Fender_Rhodes_Electric_Piano, Flute, Foot_Blown, Framed_Reed, Free_Aerophones, Free_Reed_Instruments, French_Horn, Friction_Drum, Glass_Harmonica, Gong, Guitar, Hammered_Dulcimer, Hand_Blown, Harmonica, Harmonium, Harp, Harpsichord, Hautbois, Human_Voice, Idiophones, Indeterminate_Pitch, Indian_Harmonium, Jews_Harp, Jingles, Jug, Kalimba, Kazoo, Khaen, Krummhorn, Leaf_Instrument, MIDI_Accordion, MIDI_Drum_Machine, MIDI_Guitar, MIDI_Keyboard, MIDI_Wind_Controller, Marimba, Mbira, Mechanically_Blown, Membranophones, Mouth_Blown, Music_Box, Oboe, Ondes_Martenot, Orchestrion, Panpipes, Pedal_Concertina, Pedal_Reed_Organ, Percussion_Instruments, Piano, Piccolo, Pipe_Aerophones, Pitched, Plucked, Prayer_Bowls, Rattle, Recorder, Reed_Organ, Reed_Pipe_Instruments, Roto_Toms, Rubbed, Saxophone, Shaken, Sheng, Sho, Single_Reed_Bagpipe, Single_Reeds, Slit_Drum, Snare_Drum, Struck, Synthesizer, Tambourine, Theremin, Timpani, Triangle, Trombone, Trompette, True_Flutes, Trumpet, Tuba, Ukelele, Unframed_Reed, Unpitched, Viola, Violin, Whistle, Whistle_Flutes, Wind_Blown, With_Valves, Without_Valves, Xylophone,

3. Cross-reference for NAME classes

Class: InstrumentOntology:Beating_Reed_Instruments

URI: http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2011/3/InstrumentOntology.owl#Beating_Reed_Instruments

- reeds strike against another object

sub-class-of:
InstrumentOntology:Free_Aerophones

[back to top]

Class: InstrumentOntology:Free_Aerophones

URI: http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2011/3/InstrumentOntology.owl#Free_Aerophones

- pitch not determined by pipe length

sub-class-of:
InstrumentOntology:Aerophones

[back to top]

Class: InstrumentOntology:Free_Reed_Instruments

URI: http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2011/3/InstrumentOntology.owl#Free_Reed_Instruments

- reeds vibrate freely without striking anything

sub-class-of:
InstrumentOntology:Free_Aerophones

[back to top]

Class: InstrumentOntology:Idiophones

URI: http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2011/3/InstrumentOntology.owl#Idiophones

- body of instrument vibrates

sub-class-of:
InstrumentOntology:Percussion_Instruments

[back to top]

Class: InstrumentOntology:Pipe_Aerophones

URI: http://www.semanticweb.org/ontologies/2011/3/InstrumentOntology.owl#Pipe_Aerophones

- pitch determined by pipe length

sub-class-of:
InstrumentOntology:Aerophones

[back to top]

References

Henry Doktorski. Taxonomy of Musical Instruments. The Free-Reed Family: A Brief Description

Sefki Kolozali, George Fazekas, Mathieu Barthet, Mark Sandler. Knowledge representation issues in musical instrument ontology design. 12th International Society for Music Information Retrieval Conference (ISMIR 2011), 465–470, 2011.

Acknowledgements

This work is part of the Ontology-driven Music Retrieval and Annotation Sharing service 2 (OMRAS 2) and Networked Environment for Music Analysis (NEMA) projects, and supported by EPSRC grant EP/E017614/1 at the Centre for Digital Music Queen Mary University of London.